What is a Dado?
What is a dado and other obscure-sounding terms ...
Dado - A dado is a border or panel which covers the lower wall portion, topped with a trim piece or the dado/chair rail.
Field or fill - The wall area between the wainscoting or dado and the frieze.
Frieze - The upper wall portion between the picture rail and cornice. Today it is often called a border.
Ground - The background color of a wallpaper or carpet.
Tripartite wall - A design popular in the 1870s and 1880s that divided the wall into three parts: the dado, field and frieze.
Wainscoting - Woodwork that usually covers the lower part of the wall or dado.
Ceiling rosette - An ornamentation in the center of the ceiling - a central focal point - which was balanced by the corner fans and corner blocks further out. A rosette is usually paper, and served the same purpose as a ceiling medallion made of plaster. These elements provide extra drama for light fixtures.
Ceiling fill - Often a light-patterned paper enclosed by a darker, densely patterned enrichment.
Corner fan - An additional ornament to soften hard corners that could be placed inside the ceiling fill.
Border - The paper between the enrichment and ceiling fill.
Corner block - A decorative block at the corner of intersecting borders, used as an anchor for the design.
Enrichment - A darker, more densely patterned paper which encloses the ceiling fill.